CIA Plotted Globalization
EUROPE - According to historian Herbert I. Schiller, the Marshall Plan was not an altruistic example of post-war reconstruction; it was a cynical tool of economic imperialism designed to promote the European expansion of companies Like General Electric, ITT and Coca-Cola. In his book, Living in the Number One Country (Seven Stories Press), Schiller notes that Marshall Fund grants required "a recipient's acquiescence to opening its market to US cultural exports, film in particular."
Schiller's view is corroborated by declassified documents from the 1950s uncovered by a Georgetown University researcher. These papers reveal that the "united Europe" movement was secretly funded by US intelligence.
A July 26, 1950 memo promoting the creation of a European Parliament bore the signature of Gen. William J. Donovan, head of the US Office of Strategic Services. (The OSS later became the CIA.)
The Telegraph of London reports that the task of remaking Europe to fit US interests was carried out by the American Committee for a United Europe. Created in 1948, the ACUE was chaired by Donovan with the assistance of Allen Dulles and Waiter Bedell Smith (both later heads of the CIA). The Telegraph claims that ACUE was the major funder of the European Movement and adds that the European Youth Campaign "was wholly funded and controlled by Washington." Funds for this covert operation came from the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations. Ford Foundation chief Paul Hoffman (a former OSS officer) headed the ACUE in the late 1950s.
The Telegraph cites one memo dated June 11, 1965 that instructed the vice-president of the European Economic Community "to pursue monetary union by stealth" and to limit debate until "adoption of such proposals would become virtually inescapable."
© Earth Island Journal, Summer 2001